Paraphrasing is when you put the ideas of another author into your own words. To avoid plagiarism when paraphrasing, it is essential that you do not include too many words from the original text. Looking at an individual sentence of someone else’s copy and then changing a couple of words here and there will still leave you with plagiarism problems. The way to do it is to absorb the meaning of an entire paragraph and then write that meaning in your own words. So remember paraphrase paragraphs not sentences. One main difference between paraphrasing and summarising is that summarising always reduces the number of words and paraphrasing may not. Paraphrasing help available.
Quoting is when you copy directly from a text word for word. Short quotes should be enclosed in “quotation marks”. Longer quotes should be separated from your text and indented from the left hand margin. In this case you do not need to use double quotation marks. The problem with quoting in academic writing is that if you do it too often it starts to look like your either being lazy or are unable to explain the arguments being made using your own words. So use quotes sparingly and always but a page number in your citation.
Summarising is when you use your own words to draw out the key points or main arguments of the original text, significantly reducing its length. Summarising is the normal way to integrate someone else’s ideas into your own work. When summarising, highlight the main ideas in the text you want to summarise (do not include any minor details). Then combine these ideas together in your own words.
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